Styles of Construction for Houses in Pakistan. Over the past decades, Pakistan’s architecture has evolved significantly. The architectural styles in Pakistan have seen a massive change from the glorious examples of Mughal architecture in Lahore and the beautiful colonial-era buildings in Karachi to the current trend of integrating revolutionary and functional elements in the designs.
Generally, Pakistani architecture incorporates various elements of modern and traditional designs to give the Styles of Construction for Houses in Pakistan, with unique and diverse designs in each region of the country.
Styles that are used for Construction:
These are some of Pakistan’s most common architectural styles:
- Modern architecture
- International style
- Contemporary architecture
- Minimalist architecture
Let’s address the main features of Pakistan’s house-building patterns.
Modern architecture refers to the architectural style that originated in the first half of the 20th century but gained widespread prominence after World War II. Other renowned architectural styles, such as minimalist and modern architecture, are considered a precursor.
Modern architecture’s main principle is known as form follows function. To put it simply, this style of construction emphasizes functionality over ornamentation on crisp, linear lines and favors.
Nearly all skyscrapers in urban centers are a prime example of modern architecture, where they appear outwardly plain and simple but feature a compact structure and luxurious interior.
Some of the modern architecture’s most common features include:
- Simplified form and clean lines
- Plain rectangular shapes
- Use of utilitarian materials
- Glass and steel exterior
- No excessive ornamentation
- Minimum decorative elements
- Floor-to-ceiling windows
- Flat roofs
- Practical and convenient layout
- One or more stories
- Open floor plans
As a branch of modern architecture, the international style is considered. Modern architecture, to put it simply, is a broader term that blends many different schools of thought, including the international style. It is easily one of Pakistan’s most common building design styles.
The foreign architectural style dates back to Europe in the 1910s, until spreading throughout the 1930s to other parts of the world. The official term, however, was not coined until 1932. While it is closely related to modern architecture, in terms of concept and philosophy, the international style is slightly different.
Here are some of the main features of homes and buildings in the international style:
- Utilitarian designs
- Ample natural light
- Flat roofs
- Use of industrial materials
- Seemingly weightless structure
- Smooth and even surfaces
- Rounded corners
- Lack of ornaments and colors
- Glass, steel, and reinforced concrete exterior
Defined as present-day architecture, contemporary architecture is also one of Pakistan’s most common building styles. Contemporary architecture, however, continues to evolve compared to other renowned styles, although its basic concept remains the same: simple, clean, and creative designs with minimal ornamentation.
The 21st century saw the rise of contemporary architecture. Although it may seem very similar to modern and contemporary architectural styles, the latter follows different designs and promotes creativity, unlike the former. Contemporary architecture frequently includes environmentally friendly elements and the use of recycled construction materials.
Some of contemporary architecture’s most common features include:
- Irregular and asymmetrical facade
- Strong, geometric shapes
- Open floor plan
- Flat roofs
- Utilizing the outdoor space
- Flexible interior layout
- Large windows for a bright and relaxing home
- Single or double stories
- Use of sustainable or recycled building materials
- Use-of-natural or organic materials, such as wood, and stone inside the home
- Use of technology to conserve energy, such as the installation of solar panels
- Natural elements, such as vertical and rooftop gardens.
Minimalist architecture, as the name suggests, focuses on simplicity by removing everything that can be described as extra. Minimalist architecture originated during the 1920s and gained prominence in the 1970s with the trend of minimalism. It involves simple elements of design and prioritizes efficiency above all else.
Minimalist homes have no ornamentation or decoration and consist of utilitarian elements only, stripping the design down to its bare essentials. With more and more people adopting a minimalist lifestyle, minimalist architecture is increasingly becoming one of Pakistan’s most common building styles.
Let’s take a look at some of its most important characteristics:
- Clean and straight lines
- Geometric forms
- Neutral or monochromatic color schemes
- Functional elements and pieces.
- No ornamentation
- Minimum accessories
- Clean, modern detailing
- Simplistic wall finishes.
- Open layout with sufficient natural light
- Modest detailing
It is important to note that while these are some of Pakistan’s most common building types, their topography often affects the exterior of a home. For example, while flat roofs are convenient in the dry and arid climate, due to heavy snowfall, they can not be used in northern houses.
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